Gasoline, Diesel, and Ethanol Biofuels from Grasses and Plants

Gasoline, Diesel, and Ethanol Biofuels from Grasses and Plants

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The world is currently faced with two significant problems: fossil fuel depletion and environmental degradation, which are continuously being exacerbated due to increasing global energy consumption. As a substitute for petroleum, renewable fuels have been receiving increasing attention due a variety of environmental, economic, and societal benefits. The first-generation biofuels - ethanol from sugar or corn and biodiesel from vegetable oils - are already on the market. The goal of thisbook is to introduce readers to second-generation biofuels obtained from non-food biomass, such as forest residue, agricultural residue, switch grass, corn stover, waste wood, municipal solid wastes, and so on. Various technologies are discussed, including cellulosic ethanol, biomass gasification, synthesis of diesel and gasoline, bio-crude by hydrothermal liquefaction, bio-oil by fast pyrolysis, and the upgradation of biofuel. This book strives to serve as a comprehensive document presenting various technological pathways and environmental and economic issues related to biofuels.... methyl esters or C15aˆ’25 H28aˆ’48O2 3.3a€“5.2 mm2/s, at 40a—bC 860a€“894 kg/m3, at 15a—bC 200a—bC 155a€“180a—bC 195a€“325a—bC alt;5 mm Hg, at 22a—bC Insoluble in water; ... oxidizers 1853, scientists E. Duffy and J. Patrick conducted transesterification of a vegetable oil, long before the first diesel engine became functional. ... The European Union accounted for nearly 89% of all biodiesel production worldwide in 2005.

Title:Gasoline, Diesel, and Ethanol Biofuels from Grasses and Plants
Author: Ram B. Gupta, Ayhan Demirbas
Publisher:Cambridge University Press - 2010-04-19

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